MIG Welding is the most basic type of sheetmetal/steel welding that is widely used today. Over the years, it has become even more simplified thanks to product development, something the folks at Miller Electric Mfg. Co. have managed to remain at the forefront of with their line of Auto-Set MIG welders.
The Millermatic 180 and 211 Auto-Set MIG welders take all the guesswork out of MIG welding by allowing the user to simply choose material thickness and let the machine do the rest. It’s really that easy. The 211 Auto-Set also has Miller’s proprietary multi-voltage plug (MVP) option.
Miller’s line of MIG welders is pretty impressive. And while that line extends well into t
But the Auto-Set MIGs are not limited to their automatic settings—you can fine-tune within the Auto-Set function (change settings) or manually override completely and control the settings just as you would with any other MIG welder. But more often than not, the Auto-Set gets you right where you need to be voltage- and heat-wise, granted all other parameters, such as material and equipment (nozzle/tip) cleanliness, are met.
As stated in last month’s class, the Millermatic 211 has a power output rating of 90 amps (20 percent duty cycle) using 120 V—but at 230 V, it has the highest output of its class at 150 amps (30 percent duty cycle), with the ability to weld 24-gauge to 3/8-inch mild steel. Basically, the 211’s about as good an all-around MIG as you’re ever gonna find—period. From stitching thin sheetmetal to throwing nice, fat dime-roll beads on chassis crossmembers, the 211 can do it, and do it well.
As mentioned, the Auto-Set feature (blue light indicates it’s activated) does all the math
MIG welding is not best illustrated by photos—it’s something you need to experience firsthand to really learn. But we’ll do our best to feed you as much basic information as possible. For steel, while there are times when you might want to consider different mixtures, ultimately the usual 75/25 of Argon and C02 is what you’ll want your bottle filled with. Next, choose your wire size and type accordingly—again, the “usual” being 0.030 (8 mm) ER70S-6 solid (non-flux core). For starters, we’ll use the Millermatic 211’s Auto-Set features for wire feed speed and amperage settings. Once you’ve got the basics handled, you’re pretty much ready to weld—or are you?!
There are various processes and techniques for which to carry out for various weld joint applications. Short arc and spray transfer are two common processes; stitch and continuous beads are two techniques. Stitch is for thin material and continuous is for thicker material.
Choose your wire diameter according to your material thickness—and make sure your contact
The Short arc, aka short circuit, is done at lower amperages when welding thinner material (sheetmetal). Beyond that you’ll either weld forehand (pushing, with palm leading) or backhand (dragging, with knuckles leading)—but the angle of the torch should always remain roughly the same (around 10-20 degrees—the more angle, the less penetration) for both methods. Compared to holding the torch perpendicular, drag will give you the best penetrating weld bead; push typically gets about half of that. When performing a fillet weld, as opposed to a butt weld, your torch angle will increase to around 45 degrees based off the vertical material piece. (Miller recommends the forehand/push method—their machines are actually designed for that purpose. For tack welding they recommend a perpendicular torch angle for maximum penetration.)
Again, these are just the basics—each person develops their own particular style and technique for MIG welding, and those are only perfected with continual practice. Fortunately, with a Miller Auto-Set MIG, you’ll be doing half the practice as you would’ve 10 years ago!
Of the three weld beads shown, only one is somewhat correct—can you spot which one? The fi
Not only can incorrect machine settings cause poor welds, so too can torch angle as well a
The “basic” weld types we’ll be addressing are butt and fillet. A butt weld is a joint bet
Butt welds can be performed using both short and spray arc techniques. For a stronger join
Same goes for a fillet weld—a continuous weld, either forehand or backhand, will achieve s
Not only do you always want to keep a good eye on your weld bead, get attuned (literally)